Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty

Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are procedures used to treat painful vertebral compression fractures in the spinal column. Kyphoplasty differs from vertebroplasty in that a balloon is first inflated in the vertebral body to create a cavity into which cement is then injected under lower pressure.
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Why Choose Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty?

Both vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty solve the same problem — vertebral compression fracture. However, each differs slightly with the main differences being the use of balloons and the height restoration.

Doctors might recommend kyphoplasty for cancer-damaged vertebrae or certain spinal fractures. In most cases, a weakening of the bones (osteoporosis) has caused the vertebrae to compress or collapse, causing pain or a hunched posture.

Both vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are successful about 90% of the time in markedly relieving the pain of fractured vertebrae.

Is it Suitable for Me?

You might be recommended for vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty if you have a vertebral compression fracture caused by osteoporosis, cancer treatment such as radiation or chemotherapy, hyperthyroidism and long term use of corticosteroids.

Osteoporosis is a common cause of a compression fraction of the spine. It is a disease that weakens bones and makes them brittle and easier to break.

Other possible causes of a spinal compression fracture include a spinal tumor or a spinal injury such as in a car wreck or from sports. However, most spinal compression fractures happen simply as a part of the body’s natural aging process.

Understanding the ProcedureVertebroplasty

This minimally-invasive treatment is used to repair spine fractures caused by either osteoporosis or cancer. It stabilizes the spine, providing rapid back pain relief and helping prevent further weakening of the spine.

Bone Biopsied
After an area on the back is numbed, a tube is inserted through a small incision and positioned under x-ray guidance. One or two needles are inserted into the collapsed vertebra and used to collect diseased bone tissue for study.

Fracture Stabilised
The weakened area in the vertebra is filled with bone cement to stabilise the fracture. Once filled, the tube is remover, some cases, the cement may be injected in both the left and right sides of the vertebra.

End of Procedure
An “internal cast” is now in place. The cast stabilises the vertebral body and provides rapid mobility and pain relief.

Understanding the ProcedureKyphoplasty

This minimally-invasive procedure treats spine fractures caused by osteoporosis. It is designed to provide rapid back pain relief and help straighten the spine.

1. Instruments Inserted
Through a half-inch incision, small instruments are placed into the fractured vertebral body to create a working channel.

IBT Inserted
The KyphX Inflatable Bone Tamp (IBT) is then placed into the fracture.

2. Cavity Created
The device is carefully inflated, creating a cavity inside the vertebral body.

Balloon Deflated
The balloon is deflated, leaving a cavity in the vertebral body.

3. Fracture Stabilised
The cavity is filled with bone cement to stabilise the fracture. Once filled, the incision is closed.

End of Procedure
With the process completed, an “internal cast” is now in place. This stabilizes the vertebral body and provides rapid mobility and pain relief. It also restores vertebral body height, reducing spinal deformity.

Treatment ProceduresVertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty may be used to treat the following conditions


Kyphosis is an exaggerated, forward rounding of the upper back.

Degenerative Disc Disease

Degenerative disc disease is when normal changes that take place in the discs of your spine cause pain.

Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis happens when the spaces in the spine narrow and create pressure on the spinal cord and nerve roots.

Our team believes in understanding each and every patient in depth. This patient-centered approach has helped us greatly in ensuring that they are always progressing and meeting their recovery milestones.
Dr Loo Wee Lim— Orthopaedic Surgeon